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The walk is the slowest movement a horse has, it is a 4 beat movement.
The foot falls are off hind, off fore, near hind, near fore.
The Trot is a 2 beat movement with the legs moving in diagonal pairs.
The foot falls are off hind and near fore, near hind and off fore.
The tolt is a 4 beat movement also know as a running walk, usually only done by 'gaited' horses.
It has the same foot falls as the walk only much faster, and more than one leg moving at a time.
The Pace is a 2 beat movement, sililar to the trot, but the legs move in matching pairs
This movement is usually only done by standarbreds in harnness racing.
The foot falls are off hind and off fore, near hind and near fore.
This is a 3 beat movement, it can be on a left lead (near side) or a right lead (off side) The foot falls for a left lead are, off hind, near hind and off fore, near fore. Right lead are the opposite.
This is a 4 beat movement, the fastest movement a horse has. Some countries don't reconise the gallop, but call it a fast canter, The gallop also has 2 leads the left and right.
It can be hard to tell the difference between the canter and gallop, as the middle beat in the canter is now seperated.
The foot falls for the left lead are, off hind, near hind, off fore, near fore. Right lead are the opposite.